Common Build Scenarios

Building VisIt is an involved process and even with build_visit, just determining the correct selection of options can sometimes be daunting. To help, here are the steps used to build VisIt on a collection of different platforms that may serve as a starting point for your system.

In each of the scenarios below, the result is a distribution file that can be used with visit-install to install VisIt. Furthermore, in all these scenarios, build_visit was used to build the third party libraries and the initial config site file. VisIt was then manually built as outlined by doing an out of source build. The advantage to building VisIt manually is that you have more control over the build and its easier to troubleshoot failures. The advantage to an out of source build is that you can easily restart the build simply by deleting the build directory.

Kickit, a RedHat Enterprise Linux 7 system

build_visit was run to generate the third party libraries. In this case all the required and optional libraries build without problem, so --required --optional could be used. Also, in this case there wasn’t a system MPI installed so --mpich was specified to use MPICH. The --osmesa flag was also included so that VisIt could do off screen rendering.

./build_visit3_0_1 --required --optional --mpich --osmesa --no-visit \
--thirdparty-path /usr/gapps/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1 --makeflags -j4

This built the third party libraries and generated a kickit.cmake config site file. The Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables. section was changed to

##
## Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables.
##
SET(VISITHOME /usr/gapps/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1)
SET(VISITARCH linux-x86_64_gcc-4.8)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_SLIVR TRUE TYPE BOOL)

VisIt was then manually built with the following steps.

tar zxf visit3.0.1.tar.gz
cp kickit.cmake visit3.0.1/src/config-site
cd visit3.0.1
mkdir build
cd build
/usr/gapps/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/cmake/3.9.3/linux-x86_64_gcc-4.8/bin/cmake \
../src -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE:STRING=Release \
-DVISIT_INSTALL_THIRD_PARTY:BOOL=ON \
-DVISIT_ENABLE_XDB:BOOL=ON -DVISIT_PARADIS:BOOL=ON
make -j 4 package

Quartz, a Linux X86_64 TOSS3 cluster

build_visit was run to generate the third party libraries. In this case the system MPI was used, so information about the system MPI had to be provided with environment variables and the --parallel flag had to be specified. In this case, all the required and optional third party libraries build without problem, so --required --optional could be used. Also, the system OpenGL implementation was outdated and --mesagl had to be included to provide an OpenGL implementation suitable for VisIt. Lastly, the Uintah library was built to enable building the Uintah reader.

env PAR_COMPILER=/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/bin/mpicc \
    PAR_COMPILER_CXX=/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/bin/mpicxx \
    PAR_INCLUDE=-I/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/include \
    PAR_LIBS=-lmpl \
./build_visit3_0_1 --required --optional --mesagl --uintah --parallel \
--no-visit --thirdparty-path /usr/workspace/wsa/visit/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/toss3 \
--makeflags -j16

This built the third party libraries and generated a quartz386.cmake config site file. The Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables. section was changed to

##
## Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables.
##
SET(VISITHOME /usr/gapps/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1)
SET(VISITARCH linux-x86_64_gcc-4.8)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_SLIVR TRUE TYPE BOOL)

The Parallel build Setup. section was changed to

##
## Parallel Build Setup.
##
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL ON TYPE BOOL)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_CXX_FLAGS -I/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_C_FLAGS   -I/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LD_FLAGS  "-L/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/lib -Wl,-rpath=/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/lib" TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LIBS     mpich mpl)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL_RPATH  "/usr/tce/packages/mvapich2/mvapich2-2.3-gcc-4.9.3/lib")

VisIt was then manually built with the following steps.

tar zxf visit3.0.1.tar.gz
cp kickit.cmake visit3.0.1/src/config-site
cd visit3.0.1
mkdir build
cd build
/usr/workspace/wsa/visit/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/toss3/cmake/3.9.3/linux-x86_64_gcc-4.9/bin/cmake \
../src -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE:STRING=Release \
-DVISIT_INSTALL_THIRD_PARTY:BOOL=ON -DVISIT_PARADIS:BOOL=ON
make -j 16 package

Lassen, a Linux Power9 BlueOS cluster

build_visit was run to generate the third party libraries. In this case the system MPI was used, so information about the system MPI had to be provided with environment variables and the --parallel flag had to be specified. In this case, a few of the optional third party libraries do not build on the system so all the desired optional third party libraries had to be explicitly listed. Also, the system OpenGL implementation was outdated and --mesagl had to be included to provide an OpenGL implementation suitable for VisIt. Lastly, the Uintah library was built to enable building the Uintah reader.

env PAR_COMPILER=/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release-gcc-4.9.3/bin/mpicc \
 PAR_COMPILER_CXX=/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release-gcc-4.9.3/bin/mpicxx \
 PAR_INCLUDE=-I/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/ibm/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release/include \
 ./build_visit3_0_1 \
 --no-thirdparty --no-visit \
 --cmake --python --vtk --qt --qwt \
 --adios --adios2 --advio --boost --cfitsio --cgns --conduit \
 --gdal --glu --h5part --hdf5 --icet --llvm --mfem \
 --mili --moab --mxml --netcdf --openssl --p7zip \
 --silo --szip --vtkm --vtkh --xdmf --zlib \
 --mesagl --uintah --parallel \
 --thirdparty-path /usr/workspace/wsa/visit/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/blueos \
 --makeflags -j16

This built the third party libraries and generated a lassen708.cmake config site file. The Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables. section was changed to

##
## Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables.
##
SET(VISITHOME /usr/workspace/wsa/visit/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/blueos)
SET(VISITARCH linux-ppc64le_gcc-4.9)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_SLIVR TRUE TYPE BOOL)

The Parallel build Setup. section was changed to

##
## Parallel Build Setup.
##
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL ON TYPE BOOL)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_CXX_FLAGS -I/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/ibm/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_C_FLAGS   -I/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/ibm/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LD_FLAGS  "-L/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/ibm/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release/lib -Wl,-rpath=/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/ibm/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release/lib" TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LIBS     mpi_ibm)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL_RPATH  "/usr/tce/packages/spectrum-mpi/ibm/spectrum-mpi-rolling-release/lib")

VisIt was then manually built with the following steps.

tar zxf visit3.0.1.tar.gz
cp lassen708.cmake visit3.0.1/src/config-site
cd visit3.0.1
mkdir build
cd build
/usr/workspace/wsa/visit/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/blueos/cmake/3.9.3/linux-ppc64le_gcc-4.9/bin/cmake \
../src -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE:STRING=Release \
-DVISIT_INSTALL_THIRD_PARTY:BOOL=ON
make -j 16 package

Cori, a Cray KNL cluster

The system is set up to support the Intel compiler by default so we need to swap out the Intel environment for the GNU environment.

module swap PrgEnv-intel/6.0.4 PrgEnv-gnu/6.0.4

The Cray compiler wrappers are set up to do static linking, which causes a problem with building parallel hdf5. The linking can be changed to link dynamically by setting a couple of environment variables.

export XTPE_LINK_TYPE=dynamic
export CRAYPE_LINK_TYPE=dynamic

The linker has a bug that prevents VTK from building, which is fixed with the linker in binutils 2.32. Binutils was then manually built with the following steps.

wget https://mirrors.ocf.berkeley.edu/gnu/binutils/binutils-2.32.tar.gz
mkdir /project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/binutils
tar zxf binutils-2.32.tar.gz
cd binutils-2.32
./configure --prefix=/project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/binutils
make
make install

The following lines in build_visit

vopts="${vopts} -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS:STRING=\"${C_OPT_FLAGS}\""
vopts="${vopts} -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:STRING=\"${CXX_OPT_FLAGS}\""

were changed to

vopts="${vopts} -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS:STRING=\"${C_OPT_FLAGS} -B/project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/binutils/bin\""
vopts="${vopts} -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:STRING=\"${CXX_OPT_FLAGS} -B/project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/binutils/bin\""

to build VTK with the linker from binutils 2.32.

build_visit was run to generate the third party libraries. In this case the system MPI was used, so information about the system MPI had to be provided with environment variables and the --parallel flag had to be specified. In this case, all the required and optional third party libraries built without problem, so --required --optional could be used. Also, the system OpenGL implementation was outdated and --mesagl had to be included to provide an OpenGL implementation suitable for VisIt. Lastly, the Uintah library was built to enable building the Uintah reader.

env PAR_COMPILER=/opt/cray/pe/craype/2.5.15/bin/cc \
    PAR_COMPILER_CXX=/opt/cray/pe/craype/2.5.15/bin/CC \
    PAR_INCLUDE=-I/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/include \
    PAR_LIBS="-L/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/lib -Wl,-rpath=/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/lib -lmpich" \
 ./build_visit3_0_1 --required --optional --mesagl --uintah --parallel \
 --no-visit --thirdparty-path /project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1 \
 --makeflags -j8

This built the third party libraries and generated a cori08.cmake config site file. The Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables. section was changed to

##
## Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables.
##
SET(VISITHOME /project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1)
SET(VISITARCH linux-x86_64_gcc-7.3)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_SLIVR TRUE TYPE BOOL)

The VISIT_C_FLAGS and VISIT_CXX_FLAGS were changed to

VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_C_FLAGS " -m64 -fPIC -fvisibility=hidden -B/project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/binutils/bin" TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_CXX_FLAGS " -m64 -fPIC -fvisibility=hidden -B/project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/binutils/bin" TYPE STRING)

The Parallel build Setup. section was changed to

##
## Parallel Build Setup.
##
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL ON TYPE BOOL)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_CXX_FLAGS -I/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_C_FLAGS   -I/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LD_FLAGS  "-L/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/lib -Wl,-rpath=/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/lib" TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LIBS     mpich)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL_RPATH  "/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.3/gni/mpich-gnu/7.1/lib")

VisIt was then manually built with the following steps.

tar zxf visit3.0.1.tar.gz
cp cori08.cmake visit3.0.1/src/config-site
cd visit3.0.1
mkdir build
cd build
/project/projectdirs/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/cmake/3.9.3/linux-x86_64_gcc-7.3/bin/cmake \
../src -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE:STRING=Release \
-DVISIT_INSTALL_THIRD_PARTY:BOOL=ON -DVISIT_PARADIS:BOOL=ON
make -j 8 package

Summit, a Linux Power9 BlueOS cluster

The system is set up to support the IBM XL compiler by default so we need to swap out the XL compiler for the GNU compiler.

module swap xl/16.1.1-3 gcc/6.4.0

There was an error building CMake, so we used the system CMake after module loading CMake 3.9.2.

module load cmake/3.9.2

build_visit was run to generate the third party libraries. In this case the system MPI was used, so information about the system MPI had to be provided with environment variables and the --parallel flag had to be specified. In this case, a few of the optional third party libraries do not build on the system so all the desired optional third party libraries had to be explicitly listed. Also, the system OpenGL implementation was outdated and --mesagl had to be included to provide an OpenGL implementation suitable for VisIt. Lastly, the Uintah library was built to enable building the Uintah reader.

env PAR_COMPILER=/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/bin/mpicc \
    PAR_COMPILER_CXX=/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/bin/mpicxx \
    PAR_INCLUDE=-I/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/include \
    ./build_visit3_0_1 \
    --no-thirdparty --no-visit \
    --system-cmake --python --vtk --qt --qwt \
    --adios --adios2 --advio --boost --cfitsio --cgns --conduit \
    --gdal --glu --h5part --hdf5 --icet --llvm --mfem \
    --mili --moab --mxml --netcdf --openssl --p7zip \
    --silo --szip --xdmf --zlib \
    --mesagl --uintah --parallel \
    --thirdparty-path /autofs/nccs-svm1_home1/brugger1/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1 \
    --makeflags -j8

This built the third party libraries and generated a login1.cmake config site file. The Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables. section was changed to

##
## Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables.
##
SET(VISITHOME /autofs/nccs-svm1_home1/brugger1/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1)
SET(VISITARCH linux-ppc64le_gcc-6.4)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_SLIVR TRUE TYPE BOOL)

The Parallel build Setup. section was changed to

##
## Parallel Build Setup.
##
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL ON TYPE BOOL)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_CXX_FLAGS -I/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_C_FLAGS   -I/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LD_FLAGS  "-L/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/lib -Wl,-rpath=/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/lib" TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LIBS     mpi_ibm)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL_RPATH  "/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/1-compute/opt/spack/20180914/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-6.4.0/spectrum-mpi-10.3.0.1-20190611-cyaenjgora6now2nusxzkfli4mzjnudx/lib")

The compiler didn’t like one of the boost header files, so it was manually patched.

vi /autofs/nccs-svm1_home1/brugger1/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.0.1/boost/1_67_0/linux-ppc64le_gcc-6.4/include/boost/numeric/interval/detail/ppc_rounding_control.hpp

line 99:
 namespace detail {

 typedef union {
-   ::boost::long_long_type imode;
+   ::boost::ulong_long_type imode;
   double dmode;
 } rounding_mode_struct;

VisIt was then manually built with the following steps.

tar zxf visit3.0.1.tar.gz
cp login1.cmake visit3.0.1/src/config-site
cd visit3.0.1
mkdir build
cd build
/autofs/nccs-svm1_sw/summit/.swci/0-core/opt/spack/20171006/linux-rhel7-ppc64le/gcc-4.8.5/cmake-3.9.2-lnpnk356fyio3b6rq5bdhr2djjirtsxk/bin/cmake \
../src -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE:STRING=Release \
-DVISIT_INSTALL_THIRD_PARTY:BOOL=ON
make -j 8 package

Trinity, a Cray KNL cluster

The system is set up to support the Intel compiler by default so we need to swap out the Intel environment for the GNU environment.

module swap PrgEnv-intel/6.0.8 PrgEnv-gnu/6.0.8

The Cray compiler wrappers are set up to do static linking, which causes a problem with building parallel hdf5. The linking can be changed to link dynamically by setting a couple of environment variables.

export XTPE_LINK_TYPE=dynamic
export CRAYPE_LINK_TYPE=dynamic

build_visit was run to generate the third party libraries. In this case the system MPI was used, so information about the system MPI had to be provided with environment variables and the --parallel flag had to be specified. In this case, all the required and optional third party libraries built except for Sphinx and Mili, so --no-sphinx --no-mili in addition to --required --optional could be used. Also, the system OpenGL implementation was outdated and --mesagl had to be included to provide an OpenGL implementation suitable for VisIt.

env PAR_COMPILER=/opt/cray/pe/craype/2.7.0/bin/cc \
    PAR_COMPILER_CXX=/opt/cray/pe/craype/2.7.0/bin/CC \
    PAR_INCLUDE=-I/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/include \
    PAR_LIBS="-L/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/lib -Wl,-rpath=/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/lib -lmpich" \
 ./build_visit3_1_3 --required --optional --no-sphinx --no-mili \
 --mesagl --parallel --no-visit \
 --thirdparty-path /usr/projects/views/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.1.3 \
 --makeflags -j6

This built the third party libraries and generated a tr-fe2.cmake config site file. The Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables. section was changed to

##
## Setup VISITHOME & VISITARCH variables.
##
SET(VISITHOME /usr/projects/views/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.1.3)
SET(VISITARCH linux-x86_64_gcc-9.3)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_SLIVR TRUE TYPE BOOL)

The Parallel build Setup. section was changed to

##
## Parallel Build Setup.
##
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL ON TYPE BOOL)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_CXX_FLAGS -I/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_C_FLAGS   -I/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/include TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LD_FLAGS  "-L/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/lib -Wl,-rpath=/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/lib" TYPE STRING)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_MPI_LIBS     mpich)
VISIT_OPTION_DEFAULT(VISIT_PARALLEL_RPATH  "/opt/cray/pe/mpt/7.7.15/gni/mpich-gnu/8.2/lib")

VisIt was then manually built with the following steps.

tar zxf visit3.1.3.tar.gz
cp tr-fe2.cmake visit3.1.3/src/config-site
cd visit3.1.3
mkdir build
cd build
/usr/projects/views/visit/thirdparty_shared/3.1.3/cmake/3.9.3/linux-x86_64_gcc-9.3/bin/cmake \
../src -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE:STRING=Release \
-DVISIT_INSTALL_THIRD_PARTY:BOOL=ON -DVISIT_PARADIS:BOOL=ON
make -j 8 package