# 3.2.5. Histogram Plot

The Histogram plot divides the data range of a scalar variable into a number of bins and groups the variable’s values into different bins. The values can be based on frequency, they can be weighed by the area/volume of the cells, or they can be weighed by a variable. The values in each bin are then used to create a bar graph or curve that represents the distribution of values throughout the variable’s data range. The Histogram plot can be used to determine where data values cluster in the range of a scalar variable. The Histogram plot is shown in Figure 3.23.

## 3.2.5.1. Setting the histogram data range

By default, the Histogram plot profiles a variables entire data range. If you
want to restrict the Histogram plot so it only takes a subset of a variable’s
data range into consideration when assigning values to bins, you can set the
minimum and maximum values that will be considered by the Histogram plot. To
specify a data range, click the **Minimum** and/or **Maximum** check box and
then type in floating point numeric values into the **Minimum** and **Maximum**
text fields in the **Histogram plot attributes window**
(see Figure 3.24) before clicking the **Apply**
button. Once the data range is set, the Histogram plot will restrict the values
that it considers to the specified data range.

## 3.2.5.2. Setting the type of graph

The Histogram plot has two mode in which it can appear: curve and block. When the
Histogram plot is drawn as a curve, it looks like the Curve plot. When the
Histogram plot is drawn in block mode, it is drawn as a bar graph where each
bin is plotted along the X-axis and the height of each bar corresponds to the
number of values that were assigned to that bin. You can set change the
Histogram plot’s appearance by clicking the **Curve** or **Block** radio buttons.

## 3.2.5.3. Setting the number of bins

The Histogram plot divides a variable’s data range into a number of bins and
then counts the values that fall within each bin. The bins and the
counted data are then used to create a graph that represents the distribution
of data within the variable’s data range. As the Histogram plot uses more bins,
the graph of data distribution becomes more accurate. However, the graph can
also become rougher because as the number of bins increases, the likelihood
that no data values fall within a particular bin also increases. To set the
number of bins for the Histogram plot, type a new number of bins into the
**Number of Bins** text field and click the **Apply** button in the
**Histogram plot attributes window**.

## 3.2.5.4. Setting the histogram calculation method

The data values can be based on frequency, they can be weighed by the
area/volume of the cells, or they can be weighed by a variable. By default,
**Frequency** is selected under bin contribution. Selecting **Weighted** will
enable the **Weighting** options, from which one can select
**Area (2D) / Volume (3D)** or **Variable** to determine the type of weighing.

## 3.2.5.5. Data scaling

There are three radio buttons that controls how the data values are scaled. The three options are:

Linear: no scaling is applied. This is the default option.

Log: the logarithms of all the scalars are binned.

Square Root: the square roots of all scalars are binned.

## 3.2.5.6. Statistical Options

The Histogram binning results can be processed further to calculate statistical distributions.
The **Statistical Options** controls support this:

Normalize Histogram: Will bin the data and then divide each bin by the sum of the values across all bins, to create a Probability density function.

Compute the CDF: Will bin the data, normalize it, and then create a Cumulative distribution function from the normalized binning.